Disciplines

Athletes who compete in a wheelchair

Description

There are 11 different classifications for athletes who compete from a seated position (4 wheelchair racing classes, 7 seated throwing classes). Events in wheelchair athletics include: 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m, 1500m, 5000m, marathon, shot put, discus, javelin, and club throw. There is a different offering of events for the various classes, with both track and field events offered for every classification. Wheelchair athletics can be broken down into two main categories: (1) wheelchair racing; and (2) seated throws, which are described below:

Wheelchair Racing (T51-54)
Wheelchair racers compete on the track and road in their racing chairs. Racing chairs are engineered for speed and as such they are light and aerodynamic. Much like an everyday chair, athletes will sit differently in their racing chairs depending on their function and what position is most conducive to going fast. For example, athletes without core function will sit in a more upright position with their feet on a footplate. Athletes who have the use of their core will sit with their feet tucked underneath them. Racers wear specific racing gloves and propel their chairs by punching the push rim. Hand speed is paramount as it enables the racer to pick up the speed of their chair and maintain it.


Seated Throws (F51-57)
Seated throwers train much the same as their able bodied teammates, with the difference that they compete from a seated position. A throwing circle can be augmented to allow for seated throws without impacting able bodied athletes. This allows for ambulatory throwers and seated throwers to train and compete alongside one another. Click link below for more information on how to execute seated throwing in an integrated training environment.

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